August 30, 2020
Dr. Madan Bajagain, PhD-Resident Neurosurgery, Kagoshima University, Japan
How does a stroke occur?
A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked or ruptures which causes the death of brain cells and leads to a stroke.
What are the types of strokes?
There are 5 types of stroke:
What are the Symptoms of a Strokes?
Following are the most common symptoms of a stroke:
What should one do if they experience stroke symptoms?
Immediately contact the nearest hospital if you experience symptoms of a stroke. immediate treatment can save your life and also increase the chances of a full and fast recovery.
How do you prevent a strokes?
Stroke is becoming the leading cause of disability, after a road traffic accident in our country. Every year hundreds of people are developing strokes which produce serious morbidity in them and affect their activity of daily living. So it is very important to prevent such a disease so that after-effects are stopped.
Steps involved in the Prevention of stroke
a) Primordial prevention
Adopting a healthy lifestyle, i.e regular exercise, good food habits i.e food containing less salt, food containing less amount of cholesterol. Avoid smoking, maintaining adequate/correct body weight, and body mass index.
b) Primary prevention
This step is employed by the people who are having risk factors for the disease.
c) Secondary prevention
Just before the large storm in the ocean, a few high tides are seen. Similar way if the patient gets Premonitory symptoms in the form of TIA (transient Ischaemic attack) that are taken as warning symptoms of a stroke. Those patients should immediately consult a neuro physician and get an evaluation with brain imaging and scanning of heart and neck vessels. So by modalities of primordial, primary, and secondary prevention, you have several opportunities to intervene before the development of stroke. It is up to us to take the necessary measures to prevent getting stroke and reducing productivity, burden, and disability to the community.
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